The European Commission has proposed banning single-use plastic products such as plastic straws and putting the burden of cleaning up waste on manufacturers in an effort to reduce marine litter.
Under the proposal, single-use plastic products with readily available alternatives will be banned and replaced with more environmentally sustainable materials.
The proposal also requires EU countries to collect 90% of single-use plastic drink bottles by 2025 and producers to help cover costs of waste management and clean-up.
"Plastic waste is undeniably a big issue and Europeans need to act together to tackle this problem, because plastic waste ends up in our air, our soil, our oceans, and in our food," said EU Commission Vice President Frans Timmermans.
Plastic accumulating in the world's oceans has become a major policy issue for governments, with scientists warning of their effect on the food chain.
Research published in the online journal Scientific Reports estimates a garbage patch of some 79,000 metric tonnes - 1.8 trillion pieces - of plastic has formed in the Pacific Ocean, mainly consisting of fishing nets, plastic containers, packaging and ropes.
The Commission proposal will still need to be approved by the European Parliament and Council, and the Commission said it hoped for it to be given the green light before the European elections in May 2019.