Cathay Pacific To Cut Capacity As Demand For Hong Kong Travel Falls
Cathay Pacific Airways Ltd has said that it will cut capacity for the upcoming winter season after reporting an 11.3% fall in passenger numbers for August as anti-government protests in Hong Kong hit demand.
The airline said that inbound traffic to Hong Kong in August fell by 38% while outbound traffic fell by 12%, compared with the previous year, and it does not anticipate that September will be any less difficult.
Earlier this week, Hong Kong's finance secretary reported that visitor arrivals plunged nearly 40% in August, deepening from July's 5% fall, as sometimes violent anti-government protests took a rising toll on the city's tourism, retail and hotel businesses.
Short-Term Tactical Measures
The weak demand and cuts to capacity will place more pressure on Cathay at a time when it is grappling with management upheaval and is trying to complete a three-year financial turnaround plan driven by boosting revenue and slashing costs.
"Given the current significant decline in forward bookings for the remainder of the year, we will make some short-term tactical measures such as capacity realignments," Cathay chief customer and commercial officer Ronald Lam said in a statement. "Specifically, we are reducing our capacity growth such that it will be slightly down year-on-year for the 2019 winter season [from the end of October, 2019, to the end of March, 2020] versus our original growth plan of more than 6% for the period."
Cathay has become the biggest corporate casualty of anti-government protests after China demanded it suspend staff involved in, or who support, demonstrations that have plunged the former British colony into a political crisis.
Last week, chairman John Slosar announced plans to step down in November, less than three weeks after CEO Rupert Hogg left amid mounting regulatory scrutiny.
Cathay said that demand for premium class travel has fallen more significantly than for leisure travel, with demand from mainland China and Northeast Asia being severely hit, although Australia and New Zealand are more positive.
The carrier said that lower travel demand, an increased mix of transit passengers and the negative impact of a strengthening US dollar had placed passenger yields, a measure of the average fare paid per kilometre per passenger, under further pressure.
"We expect airfares to continue to fall in coming months as Cathay struggles to maintain load factors within reasonable bounds," BOCOM International analyst Luya You said in reference to a measure of the percentage of seats filled. "In terms of earnings, the second half may be notably dismal considering plummeting yields across all classes."
Transit passengers are typically less lucrative for airlines because they face competition from more rival carriers than for non-stop flights, which places pressure on pricing.
The load factor fell by 7.2 percentage points to 79.9% in August, Cathay said. The amount of cargo carried fell by 14% amid a weak global market for air freight and the effects of tropical storms and disruptions at Hong Kong airport.