The municipality of Paris has asked a French court to fine Airbnb and two other small companies for unauthorised short-term letting, according to an official with the city's administration.
A hearing at a Paris court is scheduled for June 12.
Ian Brossat, deputy mayor of Paris in charge of housing, told Le Parisien newspaper that Airbnb and other competitors had failed to take down listings lacking official registration numbers.
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The registration number, he said, helps ensure the companies do not rent out properties for more than the 120 nights a year allowed.
Brossat said the municipality had asked for fines ranging from €1,000-€5,000 per day and per advertisement.
Earlier this month, a Singapore court fined two Airbnb hosts a total of $45,800 each for unauthorised short-term letting.
Several cities throughout the world have expressed concerns that platforms such as Airbnb might stand as unfair competitors to hotels.
France is Airbnb's second-largest market after the United States. Paris, one of the most visited cities in the world, is its biggest single market, with around 65,000 homes listed.